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Newsletter Activity 8 – si + present tense

Today we are going to practise how to express a hypothesis in French using si, to say for example, “if you come, I’ll make a cake”.

There are three possible formulas we can follow:

  • si + present tense, followed by present tense
  • si + present tense, followed by future tense
  • si + present tense, followed by imperative (command form)

These formulas are used to express an action which will come true in the present or future as a result of something else happening. Let’s look at some examples: 

  • si tu viens, je fais un gâteau – if you are coming, I am making a cake
  • si tu viens, on regardera un film – if you come, we will watch a film
  • si tu viens, préviens-moi – if you’re coming, let me know 

Of course, it is also possible to invert the structure: 

  • je fais un gâteau si tu viens
  • dis-le-lui si tu l’aimes
  • le professeur ne sera pas content si tu ne le fais pas

The important thing to remember is that in this context si needs to be followed by a verb in the present tense. Now that you have seen some examples, try to build your own example sentences to practise this construction. Allez!

4 Comments

  • Marian

    Reply Reply July 23, 2015

    Si j’achete le video, on le regardera ce soir.
    Le garçon sourira, si le clown apparait!

  • Sally Eathorne

    Reply Reply July 23, 2015

    Si vous aimez, nous pouvons reviendra ici demain

    • jane

      Reply Reply August 23, 2015

      Bonjour Marian,
      Je ne suis pas sur ce que vouz voulez dire par “reviendra”. Est-ce que vous voulez dire “revenir”?

  • Samantha W

    Reply Reply July 24, 2015

    Si je voyage à Peru, j’apprends l’espagnol avec Coffee Break Spanish. (En fait, j’ai commençé d’étudier il y a une mois. Je partira pour Peru en âout. )

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